Chemical fertilization in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in the north of Tamaulipas

  • Noé Montes García INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
  • Ma. Eugenia Cisneros López INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
  • Arturo Díaz Franco INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
  • Martín Espinosa Ramírez INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
  • Flor Elena Ortiz Cháirez INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRICOLAS Y PECUARIAS
  • Alberto Julián Valencia Botín Centro Universitario de la Ciénega, Universidad de Guadalajara

Abstract

Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) is a source of sugars. In Mexico, trials have been carried out to evaluate adaptation of the crop as a potential source of biomass, sugar and ethanol. Fertilization is a factor that influences production. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of inorganic fertilization on yield and production of soluble solids under irrigation conditions. An irrigation field experiment was established on February 25, 2010 and March 3, 2011, in Río Bravo, Tamaulipas (INIFAP-CIRNE). The variety used was EBO-809 Type N (Normalreich: moderately rich in sugar), with 13 doses of (N‑P) from 150-00-00 to 300-200-00, and the control without fertilization. Urea was the source of (N) and triple superphosphate of (P). Fresh weight (Mg ha-1), chlorophyll index (SPAD), soluble solids (oBrix) and incidence of root rot (%) were evaluated. The factor with the highest statistical value was the fertilization dose (T), explaining 70% of the variance 24% the year (A), and there was no interaction (T × A). Root rot was attributable by Rhizoctonia solani (Kühn), which is negatively associated with yield, due to atypical winter rainfall in 2010. There were no differences between treatments with N-P fertilization. The critical value of N was superior to the control and ≤ to 150 kg ha-1. The concentration of sugars was not related to yield, SPAD or R. solani incidence; moreover, it was inversely proportional to the nitrogen dose.

Author Biographies

Noé Montes García, INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
Licenciatura: Ing. Agrónomo Administrador, Universidad Valle del Bravo, 1986
Postgrado: Fisiología Vegetal, Colegio de Postgraduados, 1992Doctorado: Fitopatología, Texas A&M University, 2004
Ma. Eugenia Cisneros López, INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
Licenciatura: Fitotecnia- UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE CHAPINGO
Postgrado: Producción de Semillas-COLEGIO DE POSGRADUADOS
Doctorado: Recursos Genéticos-COLEGIO DE POSGRADUADOS
Arturo Díaz Franco, INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
Licenciatura:Quimico Bacteriólogo Parasitólogo, UANL, 1978.
Postgrado: Maestría en Sanidad Vegetal, ITESM, 1985.
Martín Espinosa Ramírez, INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRÍCOLAS Y PECUARIAS
Licenciatura: Ingeniero Agrónomo en Maquinaria Agrícola, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, 1991.
Postgrado: Maestría en Edafología, Agronomía, Colegio de Postgraduados, 1998.
Doctorado: Doctorado en Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, 2008.
Flor Elena Ortiz Cháirez, INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRICOLAS Y PECUARIAS
RESPONSABLE DEL LABORATORIO DE SUELOS DEL CAMPO EXPERIMENTAL DE RIO BRAVO. INVESTIGADOR DEL PROGRAMA DE FERTILIDAD DE SUELOS Y NUTRICIÓN VEGETAL DEL INIFAP
Alberto Julián Valencia Botín, Centro Universitario de la Ciénega, Universidad de Guadalajara
PROFESOR DEL CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO LA CIÉNEGA. FITOPATÓLOGO
Published
2019-02-01
Section
Scientific Papers