Natrum muriaticum attenuates NaCl stress in Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum

  • Margarito Rodríguez Álvarez Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste S.C. México
  • Nehemías Morales Roblero Universidad Tecnológica de la Selva, Chiapas. México
  • Daulemys Batista Sánchez Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste S.C. México http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0804-3171
  • José Manuel Mazón Suástegui Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4074-1180
Keywords: chiltepin chili, agricultural homeopathy, salinity

Abstract

Soil salinity is a global problem that increases year by year in arid and semi-arid regions, including Mexico where the distribution and extension of salinized soils reduces productivity and causes severe damage to different cultivated species. Homeopathic medicine is compatible with traditional, ecologic, and organic agriculture, and it can increase tolerance to salinity stress conditions and improve soil-plant ratio. Chiltepin chili (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) is a species of high commercial value in northern Mexico affected by soil salinity. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the eff iciency of Natrum muriaticum (NaM) homeopathic medicine for human use, to mitigate NaCl stress in chiltepin chili established in a hydroponic system and subjected to different NaCl concentrations. A completely randomized design (2A × 3B) with factorial arrangement was used with four replicates of nine plants each. The plants were subjected to two NaCl (0 and 200 mM) concentrations, two centesimal NaM (7CH and 13CH) of NaM (NaM-7CH and NaM-13CH) dynamizations and a control treatment without NaM. The variables evaluated were length, aerial and root part fresh and dry weight, leaf area, chlorophyll A, B, total relative water content, and water potential. In general, the plants treated with NaM-13CH showed the highest values for the majority of the morphometric and physiological variables, including the plants subjected to high salinity stress by adding NaCl (200 mM). These results conf irmed that NaM attenuated NaCl stress in chiltepin chili (C. annuum L. var. glabriusculum) plants and that agricultural homeopathy has the potential to increase productivity and yield in  hydroponic cultivation of the species.
Published
2020-02-23
Section
Special Number