Evaluation of the Arsenic Extraction Capacity of Ricinus communis L.

  • Sandra Patricia Maciel-Torres Universidad Autonoma Chapingo
  • María del Rosario Jacobo-Salcedo Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria Relación Agua Suelo Planta Inatituto, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias. Margen Derecho Canal de Sacramento, Gómez Palacio, Durango, México. CP. 35140.
  • Uriel Figueroa-Viramontes Agribiotech México. C. Alberto N. Swain 220, Cd Industrial, 27019 Torreón, Coahuila.
  • Aurelio Pedroza-Sandoval Unidad Regional Universitaria de Zonas Áridas, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Carretera Gómez Palacio-Chihuahua km 40, Bermejillo, Durango, México. CP. 35230.
  • Ricardo Trejo-Calzada 1 Unidad Regional Universitaria de Zonas Áridas, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Carretera Gómez Palacio-Chihuahua km 40, Bermejillo, Durango, México. CP. 35230.
  • Tomas Rivas-García CONAHCYT-Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Carretera. Federal México -Texcoco. Km 38.5 Texcoco, México. CP. 56230.
Keywords: environmental contamination, phytoremediation, toxic elements

Abstract

The castor plant (Ricinus communis L.) is a plant that has dif ferent benefits, such as the production of biodiesel and soil bioremediation. Due to the above, the castor plant’s ability to extract arsenic (As) was evaluated. For this, a randomized block experimental design with four repetitions was carried out. The evaluated treatments consisted of two types of biosolids (oxidation lagoon biosolids (BLO) and activated sludge biosolids (BLA) and four doses of As (0, 25, 50, 100 mg kg-1), under greenhouse conditions. As concentration was determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). From the quantification of As, the translocation factor (TF) and the bioaccumulation factor (FB) were estimated. The total nitrogen (N) content was quantified by the combustion method. Phosphorus  (P)  was  analyzed  by  colorimetry using the metavanadate method, and the content of potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) was quantified by atomic absorption. For percentage of oil The Soxhlet method was used in the seed. The plant height and the dry weight of biomass did not vary due to the treatment ef fect (P ≤ 0.05). The Translocation Factor (TF) and the Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) registered ranges of 0.20 - 0.63 and 0.28 - 0.75, respectively. The applied doses of As did not af fect the biomass and nutrient absorption in the castor plant, which indicates that this plant species is tolerant to toxicity with productive potential in soils contaminated with this element, in concentrations up to 100 mg kg-1.

Published
2024-03-21
Section
Sustitución de agroquímicos para promover la sostenibilidad